Lectio Secunda

November 16, 2016

Grammar: First and second conjugations, to be

Topics: Greetings, important phrases

Marcus colloquium telephonicum cum amico Iosepho habet:

Marcus: “Salve Iosephe! Quomodo te habes hodie?”

Iosephus: Salve Marce! Ego bene me habeo hodie, gratias. Quid novi?

Marcus: “Nihil novi. Quomodo se habet frater tuus?”

Iosephus: “Frater meus bene se habet, sed nunc domi non habitat.”

Marcus: “Si domi non habitat, ubi habitat?”

Iosephus: “Nunc Bostoniae habitat, nam discipulus est apud Universitatem Harvardianam.”

Marcus: “Sed tu adhuc domi habitas?”

Iosephus: “Ita est ut dicis, domi habito.”

Marcus colloquium cum discipula nova habet:

Marcus: “Salve! Mihi nomen est Marcus. Quid est nomen tibi?”

Sara: “Salve Marce! Mihi nomen est Sara.”

Marcus: “Ubi habitas?”

Sara: “Nunc Novi Eboraci habito, sed nata sum in California.”

Marcus: “Ubi?”

Sara: “Angelopoli. Ubi habitas tu?

Marcus: “Ego Novi Eboraci habito, et Novi Eboraci sum natus et educatus.”

Magister colloquium cum novis discipulis habet:

Magister: "Salvete discipuli! Ego sum magister. Nomen mihi est Gregorius. Quis es tu?"

Discipulus primus: "Ego sum Iosephus."

Magister: "Salve Iosephe. Et quis es tu?"

Discipulus secundus: "Ego sum Ricardus."

Magister: "Salve Ricarde! Et quae es tu?"

Discipula prima: "Ego sum Sara."

Magister: "Salve Sara! Et quae es tu?"

Discipula secunda: "Ego sum Iulia."

Magister: "Salve Iulia!"


Grammatica 1 - Verba primae et secundae conjugationum; esse 

Grammatica 2 - Greetings and other important phrases

1. To say hello to one person, we say Salve!; to say hello to more than one person, Salvete!

2. To say goodbye to one person, we say Vale!; to say goodbye to more than on person, Valete!

3. Quomodo te habes? means "how are you doing?" The full answer is bene me habeo, "I'm doing well." The word bene "well" can be replaced with:

-male, bad

-optime, great

-pessime, terrible

-recte, fine

4. The question Quid nomen tibi est? Is answered by Nomen mihi est....

5. One can also ask the question Quid est nomen ei? This means "What is his/her/its name?" The answer is Nomen ei est...

6. You can also ask Quis/quae es tu? This is answered by Ego sum....

Loci Latini

1. Plautus Menaechmi

Plautus was a succesful comedian who wrote hundreds of comedies in Latin. Only about 20 of them have survived. The Menaechmi is considered one of his best plays and served as the basis for Shakespeare's Comedy of Errors. The plays of Plautus are the earliest complete Latin texts that we have, and they let us see how normal people spoke Latin on the streets and in their homes.

M. Quis homo est?

P. Ego sum.

M. O mea opportunitas, salve!

P. Salve! Quid agis?

2. Terentius Adelphoi

Terence was also a comedian. He was younger than Plautus and not as successful in the theater. Six of his plays have survived. In the Renaissance, he was read with much more enthusiasm than Plautus, since his Latin is cleaner and contains fewer dirty jokes. If you want to speak beautiful Latin, Terence is the best model.

De. Quis homo est? O Syre noster, salve! Quid fit? Quid agitur?

Sy. Recte.

De. Optime est!

3. Examples from Erasmus

Erasmus was a Renaisance scholar who wrote many books in Latin. Erasmus spoke fluent Latin and wrote a series of dialogues called Colloquia familiaria in order to help others learn how speak Latin with ease. The Colloquia are an invaluable resource for learners of Latin.

Salve plurimum, amicorum optime.
Salve multum,
Salve iterum atque iterum.
Et tu salve perpetuum.
Bene tibi sit, vir optime.
Salvus sis.

Satin' recte vales?
pulchre valeo, si tu vales.

Recte, pulchre, belle, perbelle, bellissime, perpulchre, feliciter, commode, minimemale, basilice, pancratice, athletice, taurice.


Consilia - The role of memorization